* Benchtop testing on porcine stomach tissue. Surgeons (n=19) fired each instrument/ reload once: PSE60A/ ECR60G, 030449/ 030459, and EGIAUSTND/ EGIA60AMT. Median reduction of distal tip motion was 88%, range of reduction was 71% to 95%.
†Benchtop testing on porcine carotid arteries. Surgeons (n=24) fired each instrument / reload once: PSE45A / ECR45W and EGIAUSTND/ EGIA45AVM. Distal tip motion measurement during the firing cycle showed a median reduction of 83% and a range of reduction of 53% to 96% in tip movement of PSE45A/ ECR45W vs. EGIAUSTND/ EGIA45AVM.